Precision prevention: A focused response to shifting paradigms in healthcare

Kenneth Ramos, Emma C. Bowers, Marco A. Tavera-Garcia, Irma Ramos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Human health and disease are defined at the intersection of molecules, environment, and lifestyle, which combined determine phenotypic outcomes. To date, most clinical applications in the precision medicine space have focused on DNA, with lesser attention given to the biology encoded by RNA molecules, or the complexity of biological regulation at the level of proteins and metabolites. The totality of this information must be integrated in ways that allow for implementation of knowledge-based health promotion and prevention strategies that can help address current limitations in healthcare delivery. This review describes recent advances in the development of diagnostic tools for early detection and stratification of individuals suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and their heightened risk for the development of lung malignancies. Impact statement: The study of LINE-1 retroelements and their role in the pathogenesis of diseases of the lung such as COPD and lung cancer may provide valuable diagnostic and therapeutic tools to identify pre-emptively individuals at risk of pulmonary disease progression. Limited information is presently available on the role of LINE-1 in the regulation of disease phenotypes and the development of novel therapeutics designed to curtail LINE-1-mediated pathogenesis. Successful implementation of precision prevention strategies may help to spare those impacted by obstructive pulmonary disease from continued deterioration, while realizing significant cost savings and improved quality of healthcare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
Volume244
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Pulmonary diseases
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Lung Diseases
Delivery of Health Care
Obstructive Lung Diseases
Retroelements
Precision Medicine
Cost Savings
Quality of Health Care
Health Promotion
Health
Disease Progression
Life Style
Lung Neoplasms
Molecules
RNA
Metabolites
Phenotype
Lung
Medicine

Keywords

  • COPD
  • health promotion
  • healthcare
  • LINE-1
  • Precision medicine
  • precision prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Precision prevention : A focused response to shifting paradigms in healthcare. / Ramos, Kenneth; Bowers, Emma C.; Tavera-Garcia, Marco A.; Ramos, Irma.

In: Experimental Biology and Medicine, Vol. 244, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 207-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Ramos, Kenneth ; Bowers, Emma C. ; Tavera-Garcia, Marco A. ; Ramos, Irma. / Precision prevention : A focused response to shifting paradigms in healthcare. In: Experimental Biology and Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 244, No. 3. pp. 207-212.
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