Predicting dyslexia at age 11 from a risk index questionnaire at age 5

Turid Helland, Elena M Plante, Kenneth Hugdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focused on predicting dyslexia in children ahead of formal literacy training. Because dyslexia is a constitutional impairment, risk factors should be seen in preschool. It was hypothesized that data gathered at age 5 using questions targeting the dyslexia endophenotype should be reliable and valid predictors of dyslexia at age 11. A questionnaire was given to caretakers of 120 5-year-old children, and a risk index score was calculated based on questions regarding health, laterality, motor skills, language, special needs education and heredity. An at-risk group (n = 25) and matched controls (n = 24) were followed until age 11, when a similar questionnaire and literacy tests were administered to the children who participated in the follow-up study (22 at risk and 20 control). Half of the at-risk children and two of the control children at age 5 were identified as having dyslexia at age 11 (8 girls and 5 boys). It is concluded that it is possible to identify children at the age of 5 who will have dyslexia at the age of 11 through a questionnaire approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-226
Number of pages20
JournalDyslexia
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Dyslexia
dyslexia
questionnaire
Endophenotypes
literacy
Special Education
Heredity
Motor Skills
heredity
Surveys and Questionnaires
Language
Health
language
health

Keywords

  • at risk
  • dyslexia
  • preschoolers
  • questionnaire screening
  • school children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Education

Cite this

Predicting dyslexia at age 11 from a risk index questionnaire at age 5. / Helland, Turid; Plante, Elena M; Hugdahl, Kenneth.

In: Dyslexia, Vol. 17, No. 3, 08.2011, p. 207-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Helland, Turid ; Plante, Elena M ; Hugdahl, Kenneth. / Predicting dyslexia at age 11 from a risk index questionnaire at age 5. In: Dyslexia. 2011 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 207-226.
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