Prediction of global warming potentials through computational chemistry - Testing robustness of methodology through experimental comparisons

Paul Blowers, Kyle Hollingshead

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Global warming is a scientifically based concern regarding addition of naturally occurring and anthropogenic chemicals to the troposphere where the species can trap infrared energy. Predicting global warming potentials requires highly accurate rate constant measurements for the reactions of the chemicals with hydroxyl radicals, which is the first and rate limiting step in tropospheric degradation. Radiative forcing, the amount of energy that can be captured by the chemicals per square meter of exposed area for a given concentration, requires spectroscopic information about peak locations and intensities, which are then aggregated into absorption cross sections. These values are then used in atmospheric modeling simulations to determine the radiative forcing. Both kinetic and spectroscopic measurements have many potential experimental difficulties, which makes predicting global warming potentials (GWPs) from theory attractive. We build on our previous work by examining an emerging class of compounds, fluorinated ethers, using theoretical chemistry to predict GWPs. Previous work investigated CH2F2 and found excellent comparison to experiment for predicting all intermediate steps for GWPs, including kinetic degradation rates with hydroxyl radical under low temperature tropospheric conditions, atmospheric lifetime estimates, radiative forcing in the atmospheric window, and overall GWPs at 20 year, 100 year, and 500 year time horizons. We find good agreement for all parameters for the hydrofluoroethers compared to experimental values. Radiative forcing estimates are also in good agreement with available experimental results. Finally, we now have a larger database of chemicals where we have verified our methodology of accurately predicting global warming potentials using theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSustainable Engineering Forum Conference, Topical Conference at the 2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting
PublisherAIChE
Pages519-530
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781605602264
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
EventSustainable Engineering Forum Conference, Topical Conference at the 2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Apr 6 2008Apr 10 2008

Publication series

NameSustainable Engineering Forum Conference, Topical Conference at the 2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting

Other

OtherSustainable Engineering Forum Conference, Topical Conference at the 2008 AIChE Spring National Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period4/6/084/10/08

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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