Prehospital versus emergency room intubation of trauma patients in Qatar: A-2-year observational study

Hassan Al-Thani, Ayman El-Menyar, Rifat Latifi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The impact of prehospital intubation (PHI) in improving outcome of trauma patients has not been adequately evaluated in the developing countries. Aims: The present study analyzed the outcome of PHI versus emergency room intubation (ERI) among trauma patients in Qatar. Materials and Methods: Data were retrospectively reviewed for all intubated trauma patients between 2010 and 2011. Patients were classifi ed according to location of intubation (PHI: Group-1 versus ERI: Group-2). Data were analyzed and compared. Results: Out of 570 intubated patients; 482 patients (239 in group-1 and 243 in group-2) met the inclusion criteria with a mean age of 32 ± 14.6 years Head injury (P = 0.003) and multiple trauma (P = 0.004) were more prevalent in group-1, whereas solid organ injury predominated in group-2 (P = 0.02). Group-1 had signifi cantly higher mean injury severity scoring (ISS), lower Glasgow coma scale (GCS), greater head abbreviated injury score and longer activation, response, scene and total emergency medical services times. The mortality was higher in group-1 (53% vs. 18.5%; P = 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that GCS [odds ratio (OR) 0.78, P = 0.005) and ISS (OR 1.12, P = 0.001) were independent predictors of mortality Conclusions: PHI is associated with high mortality when compared with ERI. However, selection bias cannot be ruled out and therefore, PHI needs further critical assessment in Qatar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-18
Number of pages7
JournalNorth American Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Emergency room
  • Intubation
  • Mode of transport
  • On-scene
  • Prehospital
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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