Preoperative computed tomography is associated with lower risk of perioperative stroke in reoperative cardiac surgery

Damien J. LaPar, Gorav Ailawadi, James N. Irvine, Christine L. Lau, Irving L. Kron, John A. Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preoperative computed tomography (CT) use appears to be increasing among patients undergoing cardiac reoperations. We hypothesized that preoperative CT imaging reduces adverse outcomes and operative mortality for these patients. From July 2002 to February 2009, 373 patients underwent cardiac reoperations. Patients were stratified according to those with preoperative CT imaging (CT, ns140) and to those without preoperative CT imaging (NCT) (NCT, ns233). Preoperative risk, operative features, and postoperative outcomes were evaluated. Operative mortality for all cardiac reoperations was 7.5%. Patient risk factors were similar between CT and NCT groups. Preoperative imaging was more commonly performed for reoperative isolated valve operations (CTs70% vs. NCTs55.8%, Ps0.01) but less commonly performed for reoperative isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations (14.3% vs. 22.7%, Ps0.05). Postoperative renal failure, prolonged ventilation and operative mortality were similar between groups. Importantly, perioperative stroke occurred only within the NCT group (5.6% vs. 0.0%, Ps0.003), and emergent operative status wodds ratio (OR): 6.45, confidence interval (CI): 1.15-36.10, Ps0.03x as an independent multivariate predictor of perioperative stroke. Thus, preoperative CT imaging is associated with lower rates of perioperative stroke in patients undergoing cardiac reoperations by optimizing cannulation and aortic clamping strategies. Routine use of preoperative CT should be considered for patients undergoing cardiac operations following prior sternotomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)919-923
Number of pages5
JournalInteractive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Computed tomography
  • Reoperation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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