Preparation and characterization of ex-situ silica-Nafion® nanocomposite membranes with different size particles for application in PEM fuel cells

Beatrice Muriithi, Douglas A Loy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In order for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells to be economical, the polymer electrolyte membranes need to operate for thousands of hours above 100 °C. While Nafion, by itself, does not perform well at higher temperatures, nanocomposites with silica suffer less at these temperatures from dehydration and are more mechanically robust. In this paper we study nanocomposites prepared by mixing monodisperse silica nanoparticles (eg. 30, 70, 130 nm in diameter) with Nafion in ethanol, then casting the mixtures and drying to afford membranes. We were initially interested how the size of the particles effected the proton conductivity, but we discovered that homogeneous mixtures were more difficult to form, especially with the larger particles. We used atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to characterize both sides of the films. We discovered that larger particles (>100 nm in diameter) would often phase segregate and float to the top of the cast solution. Smaller particles were more likely to be homogeneous, but we found that using more viscous solutions proved adequate in insuring homogeneous distribution of silica particles. Details of the study including conductivity measurements will be described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - 2009
Event237th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009 - Salt Lake City, UT, United States
Duration: Mar 22 2009Mar 26 2009

Other

Other237th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009
CountryUnited States
CitySalt Lake City, UT
Period3/22/093/26/09

Fingerprint

Silicon Dioxide
Fuel cells
Nanocomposites
Particle size
Silica
Membranes
Proton conductivity
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Dehydration
Electrolytes
Atomic force microscopy
Drying
Polymers
Casting
Ethanol
Nanoparticles
Temperature
Scanning electron microscopy
perfluorosulfonic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Preparation and characterization of ex-situ silica-Nafion® nanocomposite membranes with different size particles for application in PEM fuel cells. / Muriithi, Beatrice; Loy, Douglas A.

ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 2009.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Muriithi, B & Loy, DA 2009, Preparation and characterization of ex-situ silica-Nafion® nanocomposite membranes with different size particles for application in PEM fuel cells. in ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts. 237th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009, Salt Lake City, UT, United States, 3/22/09.
@inproceedings{966ef51f6028416eb746c5d49bd9af4b,
title = "Preparation and characterization of ex-situ silica-Nafion{\circledR} nanocomposite membranes with different size particles for application in PEM fuel cells",
abstract = "In order for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells to be economical, the polymer electrolyte membranes need to operate for thousands of hours above 100 °C. While Nafion, by itself, does not perform well at higher temperatures, nanocomposites with silica suffer less at these temperatures from dehydration and are more mechanically robust. In this paper we study nanocomposites prepared by mixing monodisperse silica nanoparticles (eg. 30, 70, 130 nm in diameter) with Nafion in ethanol, then casting the mixtures and drying to afford membranes. We were initially interested how the size of the particles effected the proton conductivity, but we discovered that homogeneous mixtures were more difficult to form, especially with the larger particles. We used atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to characterize both sides of the films. We discovered that larger particles (>100 nm in diameter) would often phase segregate and float to the top of the cast solution. Smaller particles were more likely to be homogeneous, but we found that using more viscous solutions proved adequate in insuring homogeneous distribution of silica particles. Details of the study including conductivity measurements will be described.",
author = "Beatrice Muriithi and Loy, {Douglas A}",
year = "2009",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780841224414",
booktitle = "ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Preparation and characterization of ex-situ silica-Nafion® nanocomposite membranes with different size particles for application in PEM fuel cells

AU - Muriithi, Beatrice

AU - Loy, Douglas A

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - In order for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells to be economical, the polymer electrolyte membranes need to operate for thousands of hours above 100 °C. While Nafion, by itself, does not perform well at higher temperatures, nanocomposites with silica suffer less at these temperatures from dehydration and are more mechanically robust. In this paper we study nanocomposites prepared by mixing monodisperse silica nanoparticles (eg. 30, 70, 130 nm in diameter) with Nafion in ethanol, then casting the mixtures and drying to afford membranes. We were initially interested how the size of the particles effected the proton conductivity, but we discovered that homogeneous mixtures were more difficult to form, especially with the larger particles. We used atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to characterize both sides of the films. We discovered that larger particles (>100 nm in diameter) would often phase segregate and float to the top of the cast solution. Smaller particles were more likely to be homogeneous, but we found that using more viscous solutions proved adequate in insuring homogeneous distribution of silica particles. Details of the study including conductivity measurements will be described.

AB - In order for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells to be economical, the polymer electrolyte membranes need to operate for thousands of hours above 100 °C. While Nafion, by itself, does not perform well at higher temperatures, nanocomposites with silica suffer less at these temperatures from dehydration and are more mechanically robust. In this paper we study nanocomposites prepared by mixing monodisperse silica nanoparticles (eg. 30, 70, 130 nm in diameter) with Nafion in ethanol, then casting the mixtures and drying to afford membranes. We were initially interested how the size of the particles effected the proton conductivity, but we discovered that homogeneous mixtures were more difficult to form, especially with the larger particles. We used atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to characterize both sides of the films. We discovered that larger particles (>100 nm in diameter) would often phase segregate and float to the top of the cast solution. Smaller particles were more likely to be homogeneous, but we found that using more viscous solutions proved adequate in insuring homogeneous distribution of silica particles. Details of the study including conductivity measurements will be described.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78649510116&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78649510116&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9780841224414

BT - ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts

ER -