Preparation of dynamic covalent polymers via inverse vulcanization of elemental sulfur

Jared J. Griebel, Ngoc A. Nguyen, Andrei V. Astashkin, Richard S. Glass, Michael E. Mackay, Kookheon Char, Jeffrey Pyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis of dynamic covalent polymers with controllable amounts of sulfur-sulfur (S-S) bonds in the polymer backbone via inverse vulcanization of elemental sulfur (S8) and 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene (DIB) is reported. An attractive feature of the inverse vulcanization process is the ability to control the number and dynamic nature of S-S bonds in poly(sulfur-random-(1,3-diisopropenylbenzene)) (poly(S-r-DIB) copolymers by simple variation of S8/DIB feed ratios in the copolymerization. S-S bonds in poly(S-r-DIB) copolymers of high sulfur content and sulfur rank were found to be more dynamic upon exposure to either heat, or mechanical stimuli. Interrogation of dynamic S-S bonds was conducted in the solid-state utilizing electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and in situ rheological measurements. Time-dependent rheological property behavior demonstrated a compositional dependence of the healing behavior in the copolymers, with the highest sulfur (80 wt % sulfur) content affording the most rapid dynamic response and recovery of rheological properties. (Chemical Presented).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1258-1261
Number of pages4
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume3
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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