Prevalence of Co-occurring Medical and Behavioral Conditions/Symptoms Among 4- and 8-Year-Old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in Selected Areas of the United States in 2010

G. N. Soke, M. J. Maenner, D. Christensen, M. Kurzius-Spencer, L. A. Schieve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared the prevalence of various medical and behavioral co-occurring conditions/symptoms between 4- and 8-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from five sites in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network during the 2010 survey year, accounting for sociodemographic differences. Over 95% of children had at least one co-occurring condition/symptom. Overall, the prevalence was higher in 8- than 4-year-olds for 67% of co-occurring conditions/symptoms examined. Further, our data suggested that co-occurring conditions/symptoms increased or decreased the age at which children were first evaluated for ASD. Similarly, among the 8-year-olds, the prevalence of most co-occurring conditions/symptoms was higher in children with a previous ASD diagnosis documented in their records. These findings are informative for understanding and screening co-occurring conditions/symptoms in ASD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2663-2676
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume48
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2018

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Co-occurring conditions
  • Comorbid conditions
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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