Primary care and survival among American Indian patients with diabetes in the Southwest United States: Evaluation of a cohort study at Gallup Indian Medical Center, 2009–2016

Caroline King, Sidney Atwood, Chris Brown, Adrianne Katrina Nelson, Mia Lozada, Jennie Wei, Maricruz Merino, Cameron Curley, Olivia Muskett, Samantha Sabo, Vikas Gampa, John Orav, Sonya Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the role of primary care healthcare delivery on survival for American Indian patients with diabetes in the southwest United States. Methods: Data from patients with diabetes admitted to Gallup Indian Medical Center between 2009 and 2016 were analyzed using a log-rank test and Cox Proportional Hazards analyses. Results: Of the 2661 patients included in analysis, 286 patients died during the study period. Having visited a primary care provider in the year prior to first admission of the study period was protective against all-cause mortality in unadjusted analysis (HR (95% CI) = 0.47 (0.31, 0.73)), and after adjustment. The log-rank test indicated there is a significant difference in overall survival by primary care engagement history prior to admission (p < 0.001). The median survival time for patients who had seen a primary care provider was 2322 days versus 2158 days for those who had not seen a primary care provider. Conclusions: Compared with those who did not see a primary care provider in the year prior to admission, having seen a primary care provider was associated with improved survival after admission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-217
Number of pages6
JournalPrimary Care Diabetes
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Access to care
  • American Indian
  • Diabetes
  • Health systems strengthening
  • Navajo
  • Primary care
  • STROBE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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