Purpose: Primary culture of nonpigmented ciliary epithelium (NPE) has proved difficult in the past. Here we report development of a method of growing and maintaining primary cultures of NPE from porcine eye. Studies were conducted to confirm that the cultured NPE expressed proteins characteristic of native NPE. Methods: Intact rings of NPE were isolated from adult pig eyes. A mixture of hyaluronidase and collagenase was used to detach the cells from the basement membrane and vitreous. Dispersed cells were seeded at high density and grown in DMEM with 20% fetal bovine serum under 5% CO2 and 95% air. Protein expression was examined by immunohistochemistry and immunoblot analysis. Results: NPE cells were grown in primary culture and maintained up to 10th passage. Analysis of the ciliary body showed three Na, K-ATPase isoforms (α 1, α 2, α 3) and three nitric oxide synthase isoforms (eNOS, nNOS, iNOS) enriched in the NPE layer but weaker or absent in the PE layer. Each of these proteins as well as the tight junction-specific protein ZO-1 was detected in the cultured NPE. Conclusions: We developed a simple and reliable way to isolate, culture, and maintain NPE cells from porcine eyes. Success of the method hinged on our ability to isolate pure NPE in large number, detach the cells from the vitreous, and seed the cells at high density. The cultured cells express several proteins that are characteristic of native NPE. NPE cells cultured in this way may prove to be valuable for the study of ciliary body function.
- Nonpigmented ciliary epithelium
- Porcine eye
- Primary culture
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience