Probing the cool interstellar and circumgalactic gas of three massive lensing galaxies at z = 0.4-0.7

Fakhri S. Zahedy, Hsiao Wen Chen, Michael Rauch, Michelle L. Wilson, Ann I Zabludoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present multisightline absorption spectroscopy of cool gas around three lensing galaxies at z = 0.4-0.7. These lenses have half-light radii re = 2.6-8 kpc and stellar masses of log M*/M = 10.9-11.4, and therefore resemble nearby passive elliptical galaxies. The lensed QSO sightlines presented here occur at projected distances of d = 3-15 kpc (or d ≈ 1-2 re) from the lensing galaxies, providing for the first time an opportunity to probe both interstellar gas at r ~ re and circumgalactic gas at larger radii r ≫ re of these distant quiescent galaxies. We observe distinct gas absorption properties among different lenses and among sightlines of individual lenses. Specifically, while the quadruple lens for HE 0435-1223 shows no absorption features to very sensitive limits along all four sightlines, strong Mg ii, Fe ii, Mg i, and Ca ii absorption transitions are detected along both sightlines near the double lens for HE 0047-1756, and in one of the two sightlines near the double lens for HE 1104-1805. The absorbers are resolved into 8-15 individual components with a line-of-sight velocity spread of Δ v ≈ 300-600 km s-1. The large ionic column densities, log N ≤ 14, observed in two components suggest that these may be Lyman limit or damped Ly α absorbers with a significant neutral hydrogen fraction. The majority of the absorbing components exhibit a uniform supersolar Fe/Mg ratio with a scatter of <0.1 dex across the full Δ v range. Given a predominantly old stellar population in these lensing galaxies, we argue that the observed large velocity width and Fe-rich abundance pattern can be explained by SNe Ia enriched gas at radius r ~ re. We show that additional spatial constraints in line-of-sight velocity and relative abundance ratios afforded by a multisightline approach provide a powerful tool to resolve the origin of chemically enriched cool gas in massive haloes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2423-2442
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume458
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 2016

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interstellar gas
lenses
galaxies
gases
gas
line of sight
radii
absorbers
elliptical galaxies
atomic absorption spectroscopy
stellar mass
quasars
relative abundance
halos
absorption spectroscopy
probe
hydrogen
probes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: Elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • Galaxies: Haloes
  • Galaxies: Kinematics and dynamics
  • Quasars: Absorption lines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Probing the cool interstellar and circumgalactic gas of three massive lensing galaxies at z = 0.4-0.7. / Zahedy, Fakhri S.; Chen, Hsiao Wen; Rauch, Michael; Wilson, Michelle L.; Zabludoff, Ann I.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, No. 3, 08.03.2016, p. 2423-2442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zahedy, Fakhri S. ; Chen, Hsiao Wen ; Rauch, Michael ; Wilson, Michelle L. ; Zabludoff, Ann I. / Probing the cool interstellar and circumgalactic gas of three massive lensing galaxies at z = 0.4-0.7. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 458, No. 3. pp. 2423-2442.
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AU - Zabludoff, Ann I

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AB - We present multisightline absorption spectroscopy of cool gas around three lensing galaxies at z = 0.4-0.7. These lenses have half-light radii re = 2.6-8 kpc and stellar masses of log M*/M⊙ = 10.9-11.4, and therefore resemble nearby passive elliptical galaxies. The lensed QSO sightlines presented here occur at projected distances of d = 3-15 kpc (or d ≈ 1-2 re) from the lensing galaxies, providing for the first time an opportunity to probe both interstellar gas at r ~ re and circumgalactic gas at larger radii r ≫ re of these distant quiescent galaxies. We observe distinct gas absorption properties among different lenses and among sightlines of individual lenses. Specifically, while the quadruple lens for HE 0435-1223 shows no absorption features to very sensitive limits along all four sightlines, strong Mg ii, Fe ii, Mg i, and Ca ii absorption transitions are detected along both sightlines near the double lens for HE 0047-1756, and in one of the two sightlines near the double lens for HE 1104-1805. The absorbers are resolved into 8-15 individual components with a line-of-sight velocity spread of Δ v ≈ 300-600 km s-1. The large ionic column densities, log N ≤ 14, observed in two components suggest that these may be Lyman limit or damped Ly α absorbers with a significant neutral hydrogen fraction. The majority of the absorbing components exhibit a uniform supersolar Fe/Mg ratio with a scatter of <0.1 dex across the full Δ v range. Given a predominantly old stellar population in these lensing galaxies, we argue that the observed large velocity width and Fe-rich abundance pattern can be explained by SNe Ia enriched gas at radius r ~ re. We show that additional spatial constraints in line-of-sight velocity and relative abundance ratios afforded by a multisightline approach provide a powerful tool to resolve the origin of chemically enriched cool gas in massive haloes.

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KW - Galaxies: Kinematics and dynamics

KW - Quasars: Absorption lines

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