We outline the methodology of negative-ion photoelectron imaging and general aspects of interpretation of the results using the CS2- and S2-1 anions as model systems. The CS2- images are recorded using 800, 530, 400, and 267 nm photons. The observed transitions result in the formation of CS2 in the X 1Σ1+, a 3B2, b 3A2, and A 1A2 states. The S2- measurements are carried out at the same wavelengths with the exception of 800 nm. The resulting images reveal the detachment transitions assigned to the X 3Σg-, a 1Δg-, b 1Σg+, c 1Σu-, and A′ 3Δu states of the neutral. The choice of detachment wavelengths serves as a "zoom" selectively focusing on chosen transitions, in some cases allowing the observation of their vibrational structure. The photoelectron spectra and angular distributions obtained from the images are used to discuss the electronic structure and detachment dynamics. In particular, two approaches to interpreting the angular distributions are discussed. One method employs the Cooper-Zare central-potential model adapted to the molecular case. It considers an expansion of the parent orbital in the basis of single-center atomic-orbital functions, for which the partial waves comprising the ejected are determined. The application of this model to molecular anions is straightforward, if the parent molecular orbital resembles an atomic orbital, which is the case for S2-, but not CS2-. In the latter case, a different qualitative approach is proposed, which (1) relies upon the electric-dipole approximation and group theory for the determination of the detached electron wave function symmetry, (ii) restricts the analysis to symmetry (electric dipole) allowed s and p partial waves, and (iii) qualitatively treats the orientation averaging by considering only a few "principal" molecular orientations. The results provide a foundation for the qualitative interpretation of anion photoelectron images.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry