Professional development in scientifically based reading instruction: Teacher knowledge and reading outcomes

Blanche Podhajski, Nancy Mather, Jane Nathan, Janice Sammons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reviews the literature and presents data from a study that examined the effects of professional development in scientifically based reading instruction on teacher knowledge and student reading outcomes. The experimental group consisted of four first- and second-grade teachers and their students (n = 33). Three control teachers and their students (n = 14), from a community of significantly higher socioeconomic demographics, were also followed. Experimental teachers participated in a 35-hour course on instruction of phonemic awareness, phonics, and fluency and were coached by professional mentors for a year. Although teacher knowledge in the experimental group was initially lower than that of the controls, their scores surpassed the controls on the posttest. First-grade experimental students' growth exceeded the controls in letter name fluency, phonemic segmentation, nonsense word fluency, and oral reading. Second-grade experimental students exceeded controls in phonemic segmentation. Although the teacher sample was small, findings suggest that teachers can improve their knowledge concerning explicit reading instruction and that this new knowledge may contribute to student growth in reading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-417
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of learning disabilities
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Explicit reading instruction
  • Literacy
  • Professional development
  • Reading
  • Reading instruction
  • Teacher knowledge
  • Teacher preparation
  • Teacher training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Health Professions(all)

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