Prognostic implications of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography in the elderly

Rory Hachamovitch, Xingping Kang, Aman M. Amanullah, Aiden Abidov, Sean W. Hayes, John D. Friedman, Ishac Cohen, Louise E.J. Thomson, Guido Germano, Daniel S. Berman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND- The goal of this study was to assess the clinical value of stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in elderly patients (>75 years of age). METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed up 5200 elderly patients (41% exercise) after dual-isotope MPS over 2.8±1.7 years (362 cardiac deaths [CDs], 7.0%, 2.6%/y) and a subset with extended follow-up (684 patients for 6.2±2.9 years; 320 all-cause deaths). Survival modeling of CD revealed that both MPS-measured ischemia and fixed defect added incrementally to pre-MPS data in both adenosine and exercise stress patients. Modeling a subset with gated MPS (n=2472) revealed that ejection fraction and perfusion data added incrementally to each other, further enhancing risk stratification. Unadjusted, annualized post-normal MPS CD rate was 1.3% but <1% in patients with normal rest ECG, exercise stress, or age of 75 to 84 years and was 2.3% to 3.7% in patients >85 years of age or undergoing pharmacological stress. However, compared with age-matched US population CD rates (75 to 84 years of age, 1.5%; >85 years, 4.8%), normal MPS CD rates were approximately one-third lower than the baseline risk of US individuals (both P<0.05). Modeling of all-cause death in 684 patients with extended follow-up revealed that after risk adjustment, an interaction between early treatment and ischemia was present; increasing ischemia was associated with increasing survival with early revascularization, whereas in the setting of little or no ischemia, medical therapy had improved outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Stress MPS effectively stratifies CD risk in elderly patients and may identify optimal post-MPS therapy. CD rates after normal MPS are low in all subsets in relative terms compared with the age-matched US population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2197-2206
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume120
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Emission-computed
  • Left
  • Prognosis
  • Single-photon
  • Survival
  • Tomography
  • Ventricular function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Hachamovitch, R., Kang, X., Amanullah, A. M., Abidov, A., Hayes, S. W., Friedman, J. D., Cohen, I., Thomson, L. E. J., Germano, G., & Berman, D. S. (2009). Prognostic implications of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography in the elderly. Circulation, 120(22), 2197-2206. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.817387