Prognostics and health management (PHM) for astronauts: A collaboration project on the international space station

Alexandre Popov, Wolfgang Fink, Andrew Hess

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long-duration missions bring numerous risks that must be understood and mitigated in order to keep astronauts healthy, rather than treat a diagnosed health disorder. Having a limited medical support from mission control center on space exploration missions, crew members need a personal health-tracking tool to predict and assess his/her health risks if no preventive measures are taken. This paper refines a concept employing technologies from Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) for systems, namely real-time health monitoring and condition-based health maintenance with predictive diagnostics capabilities. Mapping particular PHM-based solutions to some Human Health and Performance (HH&P) technology candidates, namely by NASA designation, the Autonomous Medical Decision technology and the Integrated Biomedical Informatics technology, this conceptual paper emphasize key points that make the concept different from that of both current conventional medicine and telemedicine including space medicine. The primary benefit of the technologies development for the HH&P domain is the ability to successfully achieve affordable human space missions to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and beyond. Space missions on the International Space Station (ISS) program directly contribute to the knowledge base and advancements in the HH&P domain, thanks to continued operations on the ISS, a unique human-tended test platform and the only test bed within the space environment. The concept is to be validated on the ISS, the only "test bed" on which to prepare for future manned exploration missions. The paper authors believe that early self-diagnostic coupled with autonomous identification of proper preventive responses on negative trends are critical in order to keep astronauts healthy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMicro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII
PublisherSPIE
Volume9836
ISBN (Electronic)9781510600775
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventMicro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII Conference - Baltimore, United States
Duration: Apr 17 2016Apr 21 2016

Other

OtherMicro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII Conference
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore
Period4/17/164/21/16

Keywords

  • Autonomous medical decision
  • Crew electronic health records (CEHR)
  • Healthcare autonomy paradigm
  • Integrated biomedical informatics
  • International space station (ISS)
  • MHealth technology solutions
  • Prognostics and health management (PHM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Popov, A., Fink, W., & Hess, A. (2016). Prognostics and health management (PHM) for astronauts: A collaboration project on the international space station. In Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VIII (Vol. 9836). [98360Y] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2222070