Progression of infarct-mediated arrhythmogenesis in a rodent model of heart failure

Ikeotunye Royal Chinyere, Talal Moukabary, Mathew D. Hutchinson, Jordan J. Lancaster, Elizabeth Juneman, Steven Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Heart failure (HF) post-myocardial infarction (MI) presents with increased vulnerability to monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (mmVT). To appropriately evaluate new therapies for infarct-mediated reentrant arrhythmia in the preclinical setting, chronologic characterization of the preclinical animal model pathophysiology is critical. This study aimed to evaluate the rigor and reproducibility of mmVT incidence in a rodent model of HF. We hypothesize a progressive increase in the incidence of mmVT as the duration of HF increases. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent permanent left coronary artery ligation or SHAM surgery and were maintained for either 6 or 10 wk. At end point, SHAM and HF rats underwent echocardiographic and invasive hemodynamic evaluation. Finally, rats underwent electrophysiologic (EP) assessment to assess susceptibility to mmVT and define ventricular effective refractory period (ERP). In 6-wk HF rats (n = 20), left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) decreased (P < 0.05) and LV end-diastolic pressure (EDP) increased (P < 0.05) compared with SHAM (n = 10). Ten-week HF (n = 12) revealed maintenance of LVEF and LVEDP (P > 0.05), (P > 0.05). Electrophysiology studies revealed an increase in incidence of mmVT between SHAM and 6-wk HF (P = 0.0016) and ERP prolongation (P = 0.0186). The incidence of mmVT and ventricular ERP did not differ between 6- and 10-wk HF (P = 1.0000), (P = 0.9831). Findings from this rodent model of HF suggest that once the ischemia-mediated infarct stabilizes, proarrhythmic deterioration ceases. Within the 6- and 10-wk period post-MI, no echocardiographic, invasive hemodynamic, or electrophysiologic changes were observed, suggesting stable HF. This is the necessary context for the evaluation of experimental therapies in rodent HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H108-H116
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume320
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Adverse remodeling
  • Ischemia
  • Monophasic action potential
  • Rigor and reproducibility
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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