Prolactin (PRL)-stimulated ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and subsequent proliferation are inhibited by the cyclopeptides cyclosporine (CsA) and didemnin B (DB) in Nb 2 node lymphoma cells. Similar concentrations of these agents also inhibit 125I-PRL binding, suggesting that their inhibitory effects on these PRL-dependent physiologic responses are mediated at least in part at the level of PRL receptor interactions. The phorbol ester TPA stimulated ODC activity and [3H]thymidine incorporation to 54% and 31% that of a near-optimal mitogenic concentration of PRL (10 ng/ml), suggesting that mitogenesis in these cells is coupled to some degree to the activation of protein kinase C (PKC). The calcium ionophore A23187 increased ODC activity only slightly and actually decreased [3H]thymidine incorporation to a value below the 'cells only' controls. The addition of TPA plus A23187 did not further enhance the effects of TPA to elevate ODC activity and [3H]thymidine incorporation. However, A23187 significantly elevated PRL-stimulated ODC activity with a subsequent inhibition of [3H]thymidine incorporation, suggesting a block of entry into S phase. Both cyclopeptides decreased the elevation of ODC activity in G1 phase of cell cycle in response to PRL, suggestive of a site of action for these agents in early G1, a conclusion compatible with their ability to inhibit PRL binding to these cells. Addition of CsA or CB2 hr after PRL had no effect on PRL-stimulated ODC activity detectable at 6 hr, but addition of either as late as 6 hr still affected the extent of mitogenesis. This is in line with the requirement for PRL to be present in the culture medium for a minimum of 3 to 6 hr to invoke a maximal effect on mitogenesis. Addition of either cyclopeptide after the cells were in S phase had no effect on the extent of [3H]thymidine incorporation. An inhibitor of the cyclooxygenase pathway (indomethacin) enhanced both PRL-stimulated ODC activity and proliferation, whereas inhibition of the lipoxygenase pathway by NDGA attenuated only proliferation, suggesting that in Nb 2 cells, products of the lipoxygenase pathway may contribute to the mechanism of PRL-stimulated mitogenesis. Because Nb 2 lymphoma cells were derived from estrogenized rats, estrogen was tested as a mitogen. By itself it was not mitogenic, but in conjunction with PRL, estradiol-17β elevated the ODC response and inhibited proliferation. Inhibitors of PKC known to have minimal effects on RNA synthesis, quercetin and gossypol, totally inhibited both the elevations of ODC activity and [3H]thymidine incorporation in response to PRL in Nb 2 lymphoma cells. Quinacrine, an inhibitor of phospholipase A2 and C activities, also inhibited PRL-stimulated ODC activity and mitogenesis. These data suggest that a common physiologic site of action of the cyclopeptides CsA and DB in Nb 2 lymphoma cells is the alteration of PRL receptor-mediated activity, and further substantiate a role for PKC in the coupling of PRL receptors to the stimulation of ODC activity and mitogenesis in Nb 2 lymphoma cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy