Previously, we reported that activation of the human prolactin receptor (PRLR) produced a protein phosphorylation pattern strikingly similar to that provoked by Concanavalin A (Con A), an activator of the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR). These results suggested that certain signaling components of the TCR may be shared by the activated PRLR. Additional studies here assessed the levels of TCR expression following PRLR stimulation and the effect of TCR activation on PRL-stimulated proliferation in lactogen-dependent pre-T Nb2- 11 lymphoma cells. The results indicated that the TCR was expressed on the surface of approx 4% of exponentially proliferating and prolactin- (PRL) treated cells. In contrast, approx 45% of quiescent cells, cultured in the absence of PRL for 24 h, expressed the TCR at the cell surface, suggesting that lactogen withdrawal may up-regulate TCR cell-surface expression. Moreover, TCR activation with anti-CD3 antibodies attenuated PRL-stimulated Nb2-11 cell proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner. In other experiments, immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting of Nb2-11 lysates revealed that activation of the PRLR resulted in rapid tyrosyl phosphorylation of ZAP-70, a critical TCR-associated tyrosine kinase. In addition, ZAP-70 was found to associate transiently with the putative guanine nucleotide exchange factor and substrate, Vav, in PRL-treated cells. ZAP-70 was also found to associate constitutively with the PRLR; PRL stimulation provoked the transient recruitment of Vav to the complex. These observations suggest that PRL signaling reflects the transient formation of a PRLR-ZAP- 70-Vav complex and its immunomodulatory actions involve diverse interactions that affect TCR expression and signaling mechanisms.
- Prolactin receptor
- T-cell antigen receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism