Proposed guidelines for pre-commercial evaluation of transgenic and conventional cotton cultivars

L. May, S. Brown, B. Nichols, T. Kerby, Jeffrey Silvertooth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The primary, commercial features of the recently-released, transgenic cotton cultivars are their respective pest management traits, including, tolerance to the herbicides Buctril® (bromoxynil) and Roundup Ultra® (glyphosate), and the capacity to synthesize a bacterial endotoxin Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) for management of lepidopterous in pests. Many transgenic cultivars have been offered for sale with fewer years of public testing than most growers and their advisors would have liked. Lack of time and resources may have resulted in some having been sold in locations with no previous public testing in the immediate growing area. Despite the lack of public test-information, the collective market share of the transgenic cultivars has increased every year since their introduction, presumably because of high grower interest in their value-added, pest-management features. Obviously, transgenic pest management traits strongly influence the pest management programs that are appropriate for the transgenic cultivars, and the efficacy of the pest management programs may positively affect yields and the costs of production. However, in the Official Cultivar Trials (OCTs), comparison of the transgenic cultivars with non-transgenic (conventional) cultivars has been done using only conventional, and frequently, a high-level of pest management. Concerns, about the lack of public-test data on transgenic cultivars, and about relying solely on OCTs for their evaluation, prompted Cotton Incorporated to convene a working group (Appendix I.). The objective was to seek consensus among public and private sector researchers on how to enable growers to confidently choose the best cultivar and pest-management technology for their situation. The drafting subcommittee of the working group proposed guidelines for cultivar evaluation to a joint meeting of SRIEG-61 (Southern Regional Information Exchange Group 61 - Cotton Breeding), and a new Regional Project in preparation, SRDC-9801, (Southern Regional Development Committee 9801 - Development of Genetic Resources for Cotton). Principal points of the proposal were that a minimum of two years of public test data should be available to growers at the time of first sale, and that the data should include comparison of transgenic cultivars with cultivars generally recognized as having high-yield potential. The proposal also suggested that the testing should provide comprehensive economic evaluation of new cultivars by concurrently evaluating yields, fiber quality, and the efficacy and costs of the respective pest management programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2000 Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences
EditorsP Dugger, D Richter, P Dugger, D Richter
Pages503-507
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes
EventBeltwide Cotton Conferences - Texas, United States
Duration: Jan 4 2000Jan 8 2000

Other

OtherBeltwide Cotton Conferences
CountryUnited States
CityTexas
Period1/4/001/8/00

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

May, L., Brown, S., Nichols, B., Kerby, T., & Silvertooth, J. (2000). Proposed guidelines for pre-commercial evaluation of transgenic and conventional cotton cultivars. In P. Dugger, D. Richter, P. Dugger, & D. Richter (Eds.), 2000 Proceedings Beltwide Cotton Conferences (pp. 503-507)