Prospective Integration of Cultural Consideration in Biomedical Research for Patients with Advanced Cancer: Recommendations from an International Conference on Malignant Bowel Obstruction in Palliative Care

Iris Cohen Fineberg, Marcia Grant, Noreen M. Aziz, Richard Payne, Marjorie Kagawa-Singer, Geoffrey P. Dunn, Barry M. Kinzbrunner, Guadalupe Palos, Susan Matsuko Shinagawa, Robert S. Krouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the setting of an international conference on malignant bowel obstruction as a model for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in palliative care, we discuss the importance of incorporating prospective cultural considerations into research design. The approach commonly used in biomedical research has traditionally valued the RCT as the ultimate "way of knowing" about how to best treat a medical condition. The foremost limitation of this approach is the lack of recognition of the impact of cultural viewpoints on research outcomes. We propose that interest relevant to cultural viewpoints should be emphasized in conceptualizing and interpreting research questions, designs, and results. In addition to recognizing our cultural biases as individuals and researchers, we recommend two major shifts in designing and implementing RCTs: 1) inclusion of a multidisciplinary team of researchers to inform the diversity of perspectives and expertise brought to the research, and 2) use of mixed methods of inquiry, reflecting both deductive and inductive modes of inference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S28-S39
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume34
Issue number1 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • Culture
  • mixed method approaches
  • multidisciplinary research
  • palliative care
  • research methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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