In the past, interstitial laser therapy frequently has failed because of the damage to the bare fiber tip due to intense heat generated at the point of contact. Using a rat mammary tumor model, we describe a method of placing a 600 micron fiber inside a gauge 19 needle cannula after its insertion into the tumor. With this device continuous wave Nd:YAG laser is delivered to the target tumor while 0.9% saline flows para‐axially into the tumor. Significant coagulation necrosis was induced with 500 joules at 5 watts, 100 seconds and 1 cc per minute of saline while the needle‐fiber is pulled out of the tumor by 10 mm. The mean transmission loss after 500 joules was 2% in ten experiments. The tumor edema due to 1.5 ml of saline was transient. We conclude that successful hyperthermic coagulation necrosis by Nd:YAG laser can be achieved with minimal transmission loss by employing the above technique.
- Nd:YAG laser fiber tip integrity
- fluid pool
- mammary tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas