Protein turnover in adipose tissue from fasted or diabetic rats

Marc E. Tischler, Alan H. Ost, Julia Coffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Protein synthesis and degradation in vitro were compared in epididymal fat pads from animals deprived of food for 48 h or treated 6 or 12 days prior with streptozotocin to induce diabetes. Although both fasting and diabetes led to depressed (-24% to -57%) protein synthesis, the diminution in protein degradation (-63% to -72%) was even greater, so that net in vitro protein balance improved dramatically. Insulin failed to inhibit protein degradation in fat pads of these rats as it does for fed animals. Although insulin stimulated protein synthesis in fat pads of fasted and 12 day diabetic rats, the absolute change was much smaller than that seen in the fed state. The inhibition of protein degradation by leucine also seems to be less in fasted animals, probably because leucine catabolism is slower in fasting. These results show that fasting and diabetes may improve protein balance in adipose tissue but diminish the regulatory effects of insulin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1452
Number of pages6
JournalLife Sciences
Volume39
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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