Proton conductivity of Nafion/ex situ Stöber silica nanocomposite membranes as a function of silica particle size and temperature

Beatrice Muriithi, Douglas A Loy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the first systematic study of the influence of the size of silica particles on ion exchange capacity (IEC) and proton conductivity of Nafion-silica nanocomposite membranes, thin films cast from mixtures of silica particles (5 wt%) with varying diameters ranging from 10 to 400 nm and Nafion in alcohol were examined. IECs decreased exactly as expected with the dilution of Nafion and its sulfonic acid groups with added silica. At 80 C, the proton conductivity was also less with silica particles. However, at higher temperatures (120 C), there was a 58 % improvement in proton conductivity at low relative humidity and a 45 % improvement at higher relative humidity for nanocomposite membranes prepared with silica particles <50 nm in size. The improvement was less significant with larger silica particles in the membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1566-1573
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

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Proton conductivity
Silicon Dioxide
Nanocomposites
Particle size
Silica
Membranes
Temperature
Atmospheric humidity
Sulfonic Acids
perfluorosulfonic acid
Dilution
Ion exchange
Alcohols
Thin films
Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Proton conductivity of Nafion/ex situ Stöber silica nanocomposite membranes as a function of silica particle size and temperature. / Muriithi, Beatrice; Loy, Douglas A.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 49, No. 4, 02.2014, p. 1566-1573.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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