Provenance of mineral phases in the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sediments exposed on the southern peninsula of Haiti

David A. Kring, Alan R. Hildebrand, William V. Boynton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acid-insoluble mineral residua of tektite-bearing Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary sediments in the Beloc Formation of Haiti contain abundant shocked quartz and lesser amounts of shocked plagioclase. The shocked quartz grains typically have 2 or 3 sets of planar deformation features, although grains with up to 15 sets were observed. The proportion of shocked quartz in the boundary sediments increases with stratigraphic height; at least 70 ± 11% of the quartz grains are shocked in the uppermost stratigraphic interval. The proportion of shocked quartz throughout the boundary sediments indicates that these grains were excavated primarily from crystalline silicate units, which may have been covered with a small amount of porous quartz-bearing sediments. Polyhedral and moderately sutured margins in shocked polycrystalline quartz grains, the size of the crystal units in these grains and the presence of shocked plagioclase, indicate these ejecta components were excavated from a target with continental affinities, containing quartzites or metaquartzites and a sialic metamorphic and/or igneous component. Other evidence suggests the target may also have contained a significant amount of calcium carbonate and/or sulfate. The large size and amount of shocked quartz grains deposited in Haiti indicate the crater from which they were excavated was produced in the proto-Caribbean region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-641
Number of pages13
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume128
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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