Psychological distress and help seeking in rural America

Danny R. Hoyt, Rand D. Conger, Jill Gaffney Valde, Karen L Weihs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

165 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The implications of exposure to acute and chronic stressors, and seeking mental health care, for increased psychological distress are examined. Research on economic stress, psychological distress, and rural agrarian values each point to increasing variability within rural areas. Using data from a panel study of 1,487 adults, a model predicting changes in depressive symptoms was specified and tested. Results show effects by size of place for men but not for women. Men living in rural villages of under 2,500 or in small towns of 2,500 to 9,999 people had significantly greater increases in depressive symptoms than men living in the country or in larger towns or cities. Size of place was also related to level of stigma toward mental health care. Persons living in the most rural environments were more likely to hold stigmatized attitudes toward mental health care and these views were strongly predictive of willingness to seek care. The combination of increased risk and less willingness to seek assistance places men living in small towns and villages in particular jeopardy for continuing problems involving depressed mood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-470
Number of pages22
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume25
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Psychology
Mental Health
mental health
small town
health care
Delivery of Health Care
village
Depression
psychological stress
Psychological Stress
mood
rural area
assistance
town
Economics
human being
Research
economics
Values

Keywords

  • Psychological distress
  • Seeking mental health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Psychological distress and help seeking in rural America. / Hoyt, Danny R.; Conger, Rand D.; Valde, Jill Gaffney; Weihs, Karen L.

In: American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1997, p. 449-470.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoyt, DR, Conger, RD, Valde, JG & Weihs, KL 1997, 'Psychological distress and help seeking in rural America', American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 449-470.
Hoyt, Danny R. ; Conger, Rand D. ; Valde, Jill Gaffney ; Weihs, Karen L. / Psychological distress and help seeking in rural America. In: American Journal of Community Psychology. 1997 ; Vol. 25, No. 4. pp. 449-470.
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