Psychophysical and behavioral peripheral and central auditory tests

Frank Musiek, Gail D. Chermak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diagnostic batteries to assess the integrity of the central auditory nervous system (CANS) include behavioral (i.e., psychophysical) tests, electrophysiologic procedures, and to some degree, electroacoustic procedures. In this chapter, we focus on behavioral tests used to identify lesions (including diffuse lesions), abnormalities, or dysfunction of the CANS, as well as identify associated functional deficits (e.g., listening in noise deficits). Following a brief review of several tests considered more peripheral in their application (e.g., pure-tone thresholds, otoacoustic emissions, acoustic reflex), we provide some historic context and a review of tests currently in use which are sensitized by design to measure central auditory function, as well as others which have not been adopted clinically and new tests and procedures which hold promise for clinical diagnosis. Tests reviewed include those of dichotic listening, temporal processing (e.g., temporal resolution and temporal patterning), binaural interaction (e.g., masking level differences), monaural low-redundancy measures (e.g., speech in noise or competition, filtered speech, time-compressed speech), and new paradigms which measure auditory evoked potentials in response to test stimuli typically used in behavioral tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-332
Number of pages20
JournalHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume129
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Noise
Central Nervous System
Acoustic Reflex
Auditory Evoked Potentials
Behavior Rating Scale

Keywords

  • Compressed speech
  • Dichotic listening
  • Gap detection
  • Localization/lateralization
  • Masking level difference (MLD)
  • Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs)
  • Pattern perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Psychophysical and behavioral peripheral and central auditory tests. / Musiek, Frank; Chermak, Gail D.

In: Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Vol. 129, 2015, p. 313-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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