Pulse sequence optimization for T2-weighted MR imaging of the brain

Evan C. Unger, James S. McGlone, Michael S. Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The authors implemented bipolar velocity compensated pulse techniques for T2-weighted MR imaging of the brain. Signal-to-noise ( S N) and image quality was compared for pulse sequences with standard and optimized RF pulses, low and regular bandwidth versions and cardiac triggering. Images from bipolar velocity compensated sequences allowed better visualization of vessels and basilar cisterns and improved image quality relative to standard sequences without velocity compensation. The implementation of optimized RF pulses with bipolar sequences resulted in further improvement in image quality. Single echo sequences consistently had improved image quality and signal-to-noise relative to the second echo of a double echo sequence. Low bandwidth bipolar sequences with extended sampling period had 30% higher S N, but at the cost of slight loss in edge definition. The highest image quality was obtained with the bipolar, optimized RF, single echo sequence. Using this technique contiguous high quality image slices could be obtained with velocity compensation. The addition of cardiac triggering to bipolar sequences resulted in slight improvement in image quality, but this difference was marginal and probably rarely necessary for MR imaging of the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-125
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac triggering
  • Low bandwidth
  • MR, bipolar sequences
  • Optimized RF pulse
  • Single echo sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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