Pupillary sensor for ocular cranial nerve monitoring

Rheagan Chambers, Nick Quon, Bridget Slomka, Nikolay Martirosyan, Gerald M Lemole, Marek Romanowski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In humans, the pupillary light reflex (PLR) is the change in diameter of the pupil as a response to changes in light intensity. By quantitatively monitoring the pupillary light reflex, there is potential to gain diagnostic knowledge for patients in a variety of situations including those suffering from a traumatic brain injury as well as those undergoing invasive neurosurgery proximal to the optic nerves. To improve the diagnostic capabilities of the PLR, a novel pupillometer was developed. The pupillometer is intended for direct placement on the eye and allows for the continuous stimulation and monitoring of pupillary light reflexes. Tests on anesthetized rabbits demonstrate real-time data acquisition and display, including the pupil diameter and velocities of constriction and dilation. The sensor is in development for implementation as a clinical device to monitor the status of the oculomotor nerves, and may also find applications in the diagnostic assessment of traumatic brain injury or changes in intracranial pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical and Translational Neurophotonics 2020
EditorsSteen J. Madsen, Victor X. D. Yang, Nitish V. Thakor
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510632134
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
EventClinical and Translational Neurophotonics 2020 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Jan 1 2020 → …

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume11225
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceClinical and Translational Neurophotonics 2020
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period1/1/20 → …

Keywords

  • Cranial nerve
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Medical imaging
  • Pupil
  • Pupillary light response
  • Pupillometer
  • Spherical aberration
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pupillary sensor for ocular cranial nerve monitoring'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Chambers, R., Quon, N., Slomka, B., Martirosyan, N., Lemole, G. M., & Romanowski, M. (2019). Pupillary sensor for ocular cranial nerve monitoring. In S. J. Madsen, V. X. D. Yang, & N. V. Thakor (Eds.), Clinical and Translational Neurophotonics 2020 [112250I] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 11225). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2542058