We report here that highly purified human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) derived from E. coli or baculovirus expression systems does not exhibit saturable, high affinity 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) ligand binding when these preparations alone are analyzed. Inclusion of rat liver nuclear extract, which does not itself contain detectable 1,25(OH)2D3 binding activity, is required to endow hVDR isolated from bacterial or insect cells with the property of high affinity hormone binding (Kd 0.13-0.22 nM). This observation should facilitate the valid assay of 1,25(OH)2D3 binding activity and kinetics in samples of overexpressed hVDR. Moreover, since rat liver nuclear extract contains retinoid X receptors and possibly other auxiliary factors capable of forming heterodimers with hVDR that in turn associate with vitamin D responsive elements, we hypothesize that like DNA binding, 1,25(OH)2D3 binding to hVDR requires the cooperation of a co-receptor or some uncharacterized receptor activating/stabilizing factor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 15 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology