Qualitative research methods to investigate communication within a group aural rehabilitation intervention

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Aural Rehabilitation (AR) aims to minimise negative effects of hearing loss. However, there has been limited study of the lived experience of clients receiving Aural Rehabilitation services, particularly for disparity populations. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the use of an innovative qualitative approach to investigating communication in an AR setting among Hispanic/Latino older adult dyads. Design: We developed a qualitative phenomenology approach using observation methods to document and analyse how individuals experience living with acquired hearing loss within group AR. Trained observers collected systematic, detailed notes on observations of participants over the course of a 5-week community-based AR intervention. In partnership with audiologists, Community Health Workers facilitated the intervention, which focussed on decreasing negative communication impacts of hearing loss for families. Audiometric data and subjective hearing disability results, using the HHIE-S Spanish version, are presented as additional context for observation outcomes. Study sample: Participants were older Hispanic/Latino adults with hearing loss and their frequent communication partners (five dyads). Results: Four themes related to the experience of communication emerged among dyads in the intervention: (i) emotions related to hearing loss (ii) communication dynamics, (iii) self-management of hearing loss, and (iv) hearing health advocacy. Conclusions: A mixed methods approach that includes group observation would contribute substantially to comprehensively evaluating group AR interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-660
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2019

Keywords

  • Aural rehabilitation
  • adult hearing loss
  • phenomenology
  • qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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