Quantitative analysis of acute myocardial infarct in rat hearts with ischemia-reperfusion using a high-resolution stationary SPECT system

Zhonglin Liu, George A. Kastis, Gail D. Stevenson, Harrison H. Barrett, Lars R. Furenlid, Matthew A. Kupinski, Dennis D. Patton, Donald W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop an in vivo imaging protocol for a high-resolution stationary SPECT system, called FASTSPECT, in a rat heart model of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and to compare 99mTc-sestamibi imaging and triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining for reliability and accuracy in the measurement of myocardial infarcts. Methods: FASTSPECT consists of 24 modular cameras and a 24-pinhole aperture with 1.5-mm spatial resolution and 13.3 cps/μCi (0.359 cps/kBq) sensitivity. The IR heart model was created by ligating the left coronary artery for 90 min and then releasing the ligature for 30 min. Two hours after 99mTc-sestamibi injection (5-10 mCi [185-370 MBq]), images were acquired for 5-10 min for 5 control rats and 11 IR rats. The hearts were excised, and the left ventricle was sectioned into 4 slices for TTC staining. Results: Left and right ventricular myocardium in control rats was shown clearly, with uniform 99mTc-sestamibi distribution and 100% TTC staining for viable myocardium. Nine of 11 rats with IR survived throughout imaging and exhibited 50.8% ± 2.7% ischemic area and 37.9% ± 3.9% infarct in the left ventricle on TTC staining. The infarct size measured by FASTSPECT imaging was 37.6% ± 3.6%, which correlated significantly with that measured by TTC staining (r = 0.974; P < 0.01). Conclusion: The results confirmed the accuracy of FASTSPECT imaging for measurement of acute myocardial infarcts in rat hearts. Application of FASTSPECT imaging in small animals may be feasible for investigating myocardial IR injury and the effects of revascularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)933-939
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume43
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 20 2002

Keywords

  • High-resolution SPECT
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Tc-sestamibi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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