Quantitative assessment of HLA-DQ gene polymorphisms with the development of hepatitis B virus infection, clearance, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma

Tao Xu, Anyou Zhu, Meiqun Sun, Jingzhu Lv, Zhongqing Qian, Xiaojing Wang, Ting Wang, Hongtao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases, which leads to public health problems in the world, especially in Asian counties. In recent years, extensive human genetic association studies have been carried out to identify susceptible genes and genetic polymorphisms to understand the genetic contributions to the disease progression of HBV infection. HLA-DQ gene variations have been reported to be associated with HBV infection/clearance, disease progression and the development of hepatitis B-related complications, including liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the results are either inconclusive or controversial. Therefore, to derive a more precise estimation of the association, a meta-analysis was performed. Our data revealed that the HLA-DQ alleles rs2856718-G, rs7453920-A and rs9275319-G were significantly associated with decreased risk of HBV infection and HBV natural clearance. Logistic regression analyses showed that HLA-DQ alleles rs9275572-A significantly increased HBV infection clearance, and decreased HBV natural clearance. However, rs2856718-G and rs9275572-A were not associated with development of cirrhosis. The HLA-DQ polymorphisms (rs2856718 and rs9275572) were associated with a decreased HBV-related HCC risk in all genetic models, but rs9272105-A increased the risk of HBV-related HCC. In addition, no significant association was observed between HLA-DQ rs9275319-G polymorphism and HBVrelated HCC. These stratified analyses were limited due to relatively modest size of correlational studies. In future, further investigation on a large population and different ethnicities are warranted. Our findings contribute to the personalized care and prognosis in hepatitis B.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-109
Number of pages14
JournalOncotarget
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • HLA-DQ
  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Immune response
  • Immunity
  • Immunology and Microbiology Section
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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