[3H]-HDPhetsqbCysTyrDTrpOrnThrPenThrNH2 ([3H]CTOP), a potent and highly selective mu opioid antagonist, was used to localize the mu receptors in rat brain by light microscopic autoradiography. Radioligand binding studies with [3H]CTOP using slide-mounted tissue sections of rat brain produced a Kd value of 1.1nM with a Bmax value of 79.1 fmol/mg protein. Mu opioid agonists and antagonists inhibited [3H]CTOP binding with high affinity (IC50 values of 0.2-2.4nM), while the delta agonist DPDPE, delta antagonist ICI 174,864, and kappa agonist U 69,593 were very weak inhibitors of [3H]CTOP binding (IC50 values of 234-3631nM). Light microscopic autoradiography of [3H]CTOP binding sites revealed regions of high density (nucleus of the solitary tract, clusters in the caudate-putamen, interpeduncular nucleus, superior and inferior colliculus, subiculum, substantia nigra zona reticulata, medial geniculate, locus coeruleus and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus) and regions of moderate labeling (areas outside of clusters in the caudate-putamen, cingulate cortex, claustrum and nucleus accumbens). The cerebral cortex (parietal) showed a low density of [3H]CTOP binding.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)