This study examines the laboratory aspects of diagnosis of coccidioidomycosisin 11 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and the qualitative and quantitative differences between host responses of AIDS and non-AIDS patients who died with disseminated coccidioidomycosis. Material obtained at bronchoscopy confirmed the diagnosis of pulmonary coccidioidomycosis in 67% (6/9) of the patients. Patients with AIDS had a generally poor granulomatous response and statistically significantly increased numbers of spherules in lung tissue compared with non-AIDS patients. Neither antifungal therapy nor duration of clinical disease influenced the number of organisms present. The findings suggest a parallel betweeN AIDS-associated coccidioidomycosis and other granulomatous diseases such as leprosy and schistosomiasis, in which the type of granuloma formation and organism numbers are influenced by the T-lymphocyte milieu.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine