Quantum dot detectors for mid-infrared sensing: Bias-controlled spectral tuning and matched filtering

Ünal Sakoǧlu, Zhipeng Wang, Majeed M. Hayat, J. Scott Tyo, Senthil Annamalai, Philip Dowd, Sanjay Krishna

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quantum-dot infrared photodetectors (QDIPs), based on intersubband transitions in nanoscale self-assembled dots, are perceived as a promising technology for mid-infrared-regime sensing since they are based on a mature GaAs technology, are sensitive to normal incidence radiation, exhibit large quantum confined stark effect that can be exploited for hyperspectral imaging, and have lower dark currents than their quantum-well counter-parts. High detectivity (D* = 1011 cmHz1/2/Watt at 9 μm) QDIPs have been recently shown to exhibit broad spectral responses (∼2 μm FWHM) with a bias-dependent shift in their peak wavelengths. This controllable, bias-dependent spectral diversity, in conjunction with signal-processing strategies, allows us to extend the op eration of the QDIP sensors to a new modality that enables us to achieve: (1) spectral tunability (single- or multi-color) in the range 2-12 μm in the presence of the QDIP's dark current; and (2) multispectral matched filtering in the same range. The spectral tuning is achieved by forming an optimal weighted sum of multiple photocurrent measurements, taken of the object to be probed, one for each bias in a set of prescribed operational biases. For each desired spectral response, the number and values of the prescribed biases and their associated weights are tailored so that the superposition response is as close as possible, in the mean-square-error sense, to the response of a sensor that is optically tuned to the desired spectrum. The spectral matching is achieved similarly but with a different criterion for selecting the weights and biases. They are selected, in conjunction with orthogonal-subspace-projection principles in hyperspectral classification, to nullify the interfering spectral signatures and maximize the signal-to-noise ratio of the output. This, in turn, optimizes the classification of the objects according to their spectral signatures. Experimental results will be presented to demonstrate the QDIP sensor's capabilities in these new modalities. The effect of dark-current noise on the spectral-tuning capability is particularly investigated. Examples of narrowband and wideband multispectral photocurrent synthesis as well as matched filtering are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number66
Pages (from-to)396-407
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5593
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
EventNanosensing Materials and Devices - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Oct 25 2004Oct 28 2004

Keywords

  • Infrared detectors
  • Matched filtering
  • Quantum dot
  • Self assembled
  • Spectral tuning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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