Quantum optics of a Bose-Einstein condensate coupled to a quantized light field

M. G. Moore, O. Zobay, P. Meystre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

We consider the interaction between a Bose-Einstein condensate and a single-mode quantized light field in the presence of a strong far-off-resonant pump laser. The dynamics is characterized by an exponential instability, hence the system acts as an atom-photon parametric amplifier. Triggered by a small injected probe field, or simply by quantum noise, entangled atom-photon pairs are created which exhibit nonclassical correlations similar to those seen between photons in the optical parametric amplifier. In addition, the quantum statistics of the matter and light field depend strongly on the initial state which triggers the amplifier. Thus, by preparing different initial states of the light field, one can generate matter waves in a variety of quantum states, demonstrating optical control over the quantum statistics of matter waves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1491-1506
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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