Quantum properties of charged ferroelectric domain walls

B. Sturman, E. Podivilov, Mikhail Stepanov, A. Tagantsev, N. Setter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We consider the properties of charged domain walls in ferroelectrics as a quantum problem. This includes determination of self-consistent attracting 1D potential for compensating charge carriers, the number and positions of discrete energy levels in this potential, dependencies on the ferroelectric characteristics, as well as the spatial structure and formation energy of the wall. Our description is based on the Hartree and Thomas-Fermi methods and Landau theory for the ferroelectric transitions. Changeover from a few to many quantum levels (with the electron binding energies ∼1 eV) is controlled by a single characteristic parameter. The quantum models well describe the core of the wall, whose width is typically ∼10 nm. Additionally, the walls possess pronounced long-range tails which are due to trap recharging. For the trap concentration Nt=(1017-1018)cm-3, the tail length ℓ is of the μm scale. On the distances much larger than ℓ the walls are electrically uncoupled from each other and the crystal faces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214112
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2015

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Domain walls
Ferroelectric materials
domain wall
traps
recharging
Binding energy
Charge carriers
Electron energy levels
energy of formation
charge carriers
Crystals
Electrons
binding energy
energy levels
crystals
electrons
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Quantum properties of charged ferroelectric domain walls. / Sturman, B.; Podivilov, E.; Stepanov, Mikhail; Tagantsev, A.; Setter, N.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 92, No. 21, 214112, 23.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sturman, B. ; Podivilov, E. ; Stepanov, Mikhail ; Tagantsev, A. ; Setter, N. / Quantum properties of charged ferroelectric domain walls. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 92, No. 21.
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