Quantum theory of spontaneous emission and coherent effects in semiconductor microstructures

M. Kira, F. Jahnke, W. Hoyer, Stephan W Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

194 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A fully quantum-mechanical theory for the interaction of light and electron-hole excitations in semiconductor quantum-well systems is developed. The resulting many-body hierarchy for the correlation functions is truncated using a dynamical decoupling scheme leading to coupled semiconductor luminescence and Bloch equations. For incoherent excitation conditions, the theory is used to describe nonlinear excitonic emission properties of single-quantum wells, optically coupled multiple quantum-well systems, and quantum wells in a microcavity. Resonant coherent optical excitation leads to a direct coupling between the induced coherent polarization and photoluminescence. The resulting quantum corrections to the semiclassical semiconductor Bloch equations and the coherent contributions to the semiconductor luminescence equations are discussed. The secondary emission in directions deviating from the coherent excitation direction after femtosecond-pulse excitation is studied. Coherent control and quadrature squeezing for the light emission are analyzed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-279
Number of pages91
JournalProgress in Quantum Electronics
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Quantum theory
Spontaneous emission
quantum theory
spontaneous emission
Semiconductor quantum wells
Semiconductor materials
microstructure
Microstructure
quantum wells
excitation
Luminescence
Secondary emission
Microcavities
Photoexcitation
luminescence
Light emission
Ultrashort pulses
secondary emission
Photoluminescence
compressing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Quantum theory of spontaneous emission and coherent effects in semiconductor microstructures. / Kira, M.; Jahnke, F.; Hoyer, W.; Koch, Stephan W.

In: Progress in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 23, No. 6, 11.1999, p. 189-279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2dd55bf35b4c44e69273be87aba8636f,
title = "Quantum theory of spontaneous emission and coherent effects in semiconductor microstructures",
abstract = "A fully quantum-mechanical theory for the interaction of light and electron-hole excitations in semiconductor quantum-well systems is developed. The resulting many-body hierarchy for the correlation functions is truncated using a dynamical decoupling scheme leading to coupled semiconductor luminescence and Bloch equations. For incoherent excitation conditions, the theory is used to describe nonlinear excitonic emission properties of single-quantum wells, optically coupled multiple quantum-well systems, and quantum wells in a microcavity. Resonant coherent optical excitation leads to a direct coupling between the induced coherent polarization and photoluminescence. The resulting quantum corrections to the semiclassical semiconductor Bloch equations and the coherent contributions to the semiconductor luminescence equations are discussed. The secondary emission in directions deviating from the coherent excitation direction after femtosecond-pulse excitation is studied. Coherent control and quadrature squeezing for the light emission are analyzed.",
author = "M. Kira and F. Jahnke and W. Hoyer and Koch, {Stephan W}",
year = "1999",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/S0079-6727(99)00008-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "189--279",
journal = "Progress in Quantum Electronics",
issn = "0079-6727",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum theory of spontaneous emission and coherent effects in semiconductor microstructures

AU - Kira, M.

AU - Jahnke, F.

AU - Hoyer, W.

AU - Koch, Stephan W

PY - 1999/11

Y1 - 1999/11

N2 - A fully quantum-mechanical theory for the interaction of light and electron-hole excitations in semiconductor quantum-well systems is developed. The resulting many-body hierarchy for the correlation functions is truncated using a dynamical decoupling scheme leading to coupled semiconductor luminescence and Bloch equations. For incoherent excitation conditions, the theory is used to describe nonlinear excitonic emission properties of single-quantum wells, optically coupled multiple quantum-well systems, and quantum wells in a microcavity. Resonant coherent optical excitation leads to a direct coupling between the induced coherent polarization and photoluminescence. The resulting quantum corrections to the semiclassical semiconductor Bloch equations and the coherent contributions to the semiconductor luminescence equations are discussed. The secondary emission in directions deviating from the coherent excitation direction after femtosecond-pulse excitation is studied. Coherent control and quadrature squeezing for the light emission are analyzed.

AB - A fully quantum-mechanical theory for the interaction of light and electron-hole excitations in semiconductor quantum-well systems is developed. The resulting many-body hierarchy for the correlation functions is truncated using a dynamical decoupling scheme leading to coupled semiconductor luminescence and Bloch equations. For incoherent excitation conditions, the theory is used to describe nonlinear excitonic emission properties of single-quantum wells, optically coupled multiple quantum-well systems, and quantum wells in a microcavity. Resonant coherent optical excitation leads to a direct coupling between the induced coherent polarization and photoluminescence. The resulting quantum corrections to the semiclassical semiconductor Bloch equations and the coherent contributions to the semiconductor luminescence equations are discussed. The secondary emission in directions deviating from the coherent excitation direction after femtosecond-pulse excitation is studied. Coherent control and quadrature squeezing for the light emission are analyzed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033327671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033327671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0079-6727(99)00008-7

DO - 10.1016/S0079-6727(99)00008-7

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033327671

VL - 23

SP - 189

EP - 279

JO - Progress in Quantum Electronics

JF - Progress in Quantum Electronics

SN - 0079-6727

IS - 6

ER -