The effective number of neutrinos, Neff, obtained from CMB fluctuations accounts for all effectively massless degrees of freedom present in the Universe, including but not limited to the three known neutrinos. Using a lattice-QCD derived QGP equation of state, we constrain the observed range of Neff in terms of the freeze-out of unknown degrees of freedom near to quark-gluon hadronization. We explore limits on the coupling of these particles, applying methods of kinetic theory, and discuss the implications of a connection between Neff and the QGP transformation for laboratory studies of QGP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|State||Published - Feb 4 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics