Quarkonium at nonzero isospin density

William Detmold, Stefan Meinel, Zhifeng Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We calculate the energies of quarkonium bound states in the presence of a medium of nonzero isospin density using lattice QCD. The medium, created using a canonical (fixed isospin charge) approach, induces a reduction of the quarkonium energies. As the isospin density increases, the energy shifts first increase and then saturate. The saturation occurs at an isospin density close to that where previously a qualitative change in the behavior of the energy density of the medium has been observed, which was conjectured to correspond to a transition from a pion gas to a Bose-Einstein condensed phase. The reduction of the quarkonium energies becomes more pronounced as the heavy-quark mass is decreased, similar to the behavior seen in two-color QCD at nonzero quark chemical potential. In the process of our analysis, the ηb-π and Υ-π scattering phase shifts are determined at low momentum. An interpolation of the scattering lengths to the physical pion mass gives a ηb=0.0025(8)(6) fm and aΥ,π=0. 0030(9)(7) fm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number094504
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume87
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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