Racial bias in driver yielding behavior at crosswalks

Tara Goddard, Kimberly Barsamian Kahn, Arlie S Adkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychological and social identity-related factors have been shown to influence drivers' behaviors toward pedestrians, but no previous studies have examined the potential for drivers' racial bias to impact yielding behavior with pedestrians. If drivers' yielding behavior results in differential behavior toward Black and White pedestrians, this may lead to disparate pedestrian crossing experiences based on race and potentially contribute to disproportionate safety outcomes for minorities. We tested the hypothesis that drivers' yielding behavior is influenced by pedestrians' race in a controlled field experiment at an unsignalized midblock marked crosswalk in downtown Portland, Oregon. Six trained male research team participants (3 White, 3 Black) simulated an individual pedestrian crossing, while trained observers cataloged the number of cars that passed and the time until a driver yielded. Results (88 pedestrian trials, 173 driver-subjects) revealed that Black pedestrians were passed by twice as many cars and experienced wait times that were 32% longer than White pedestrians. Results support the hypothesis that minority pedestrians experience discriminatory treatment by drivers at crosswalks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2015

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Crosswalks
Racism
pedestrian
driver
trend
Railroad cars
Pedestrians
minority
Social Identification
city center
Experiments
experience

Keywords

  • Discrimination
  • Intermodal conflict
  • Pedestrian safety
  • Racial bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Transportation
  • Automotive Engineering

Cite this

Racial bias in driver yielding behavior at crosswalks. / Goddard, Tara; Kahn, Kimberly Barsamian; Adkins, Arlie S.

In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Vol. 33, 29.06.2015, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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