Since the early 1990s, chronological frameworks of late Pleistocene and Holocene terrestrial records are mostly based on AMS radiocarbon dating of plant macrofossils. In contrast to the previous use of bulk organic matter, plant macrofossils are inherently more reliable since the source of their carbon is known and should not be composed of heterogeneous material that could be of different ages. Nevertheless, even within the plant macrofossils chronologies, inconsistencies are still common. This article reviews the most common plant macrofossils and considers their suitability and reliability for 14C-AMS dating. Due to their specificity, volcanic areas and modern environments are independently examined.
- Plant macrofossils
- Radiocarbon dating
- Terrestrial records
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)