Randomized trial of adjuvant intraperitoneal alpha-interferon in stage III ovarian cancer patients who have no evidence of disease after primary surgery and chemotherapy: An intergroup study

David S. Alberts, Edward V. Hannigan, Ping Yu Liu, Caroline Jiang, Sharon Wilczynski, Larry Copeland, Maurie Markman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Despite the improvement in progression-free and overall survival in patients with advanced ovarian cancer associated with platinum-taxane chemotherapy, strategies are needed to prevent the greater than 70% recurrence rate. Method. The Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) initiated a phase III intergroup trial of α-interferon (IFNα-26, Schering-Plough, Kenilworth, NJ) in weekly doses of 50 × 106 IU (for 6 doses) versus observation only in patients with no pathological evidence of residual disease at second-look surgery in 1988. Results. Patient accrual was extremely slow and the trial was permanently closed in 1999 by the SWOG Data and Safety Monitoring Committee with 74 registered patients. Of these patients, 70 were evaluable for progression-free and overall survival. There was no significant difference between the two study arms in relation to median progression-free survival (P = 0.56). The median survival duration associated with intraperitoneal α-interferon had not been reached versus 87 months on the observation arm. In general, intraperitoneal α-interferon was well tolerated. There were no treatment-related deaths or grade 4 adverse events. Although no efficacy conclusions can be drawn from this prematurely closed trial, it should be noted that 57% of the patients on the observation arm recurred and all died, whereas 63% recurred and only 43% died on the intraperitoneal α-interferon arm. Conclusion. Although this was a negative study, there should continue to be interest in the use of biological therapy to improve survival of patients in complete remission following primary chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-138
Number of pages6
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Intraperitoneal therapy
  • Ovarian neoplasms
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • α-Interferon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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