Range of refractive independence and mechanism of action of a corneal shape-changing hydrogel inlay: Results and theory

Roger F. Steinert, James T Schwiegerling, Alan Lang, Adam Roy, Keith Holliday, Enrique Barragán Garza, Arturo S. Chayet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Purpose To demonstrate the independence of visual performance over a range of preoperative refraction and age in presbyopes implanted with a corneal shape-changing inlay (Raindrop Near Vision Inlay). Setting Two multispecialty clinics, Monterrey and Tijuana, Mexico. Design Prospective case series. Methods The nondominant eyes of patients were implanted with the hydrogel corneal inlay beneath a femtosecond flap, centered on the pupil. Clinical outcomes included uncorrected near, intermediate, and distance visual acuity (UNVA, UIVA, and UDVA) and patient-assessed task performance in good light and dim light. Statistical analyses assessed the dependencies on preoperative age (45 to 60 years) and preoperative manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) (-0.5 to +1.5 diopters [D]). Using the inlay effect derived from wavefront measurements, an eye model was created through which letter charts were simulated. Results The study evaluated eyes of 188 patients. Postoperative UNVA, UIVA, and task performance at these distances in good light was independent of age and preoperative MRSE (P >.05). Postoperative UDVA was weakly dependent on preoperative MRSE, but distance task performance in good light was not (P >.05). In the treated eye, the mean postoperative UNVA was 20/25, UIVA was 20/25, and UDVA was 20/32. The clinical outcomes are explained by consideration of zones within the pupil generating good near, intermediate, and distance image quality. This was confirmed by visual acuity simulations. Conclusions The continuous center-near power profile induced by the corneal shape-changing inlay provides good visual acuity and performance from distance through near over a 2.0 D range of preoperative refraction and presbyopic age. Financial Disclosure Drs. Steinert, Schwiegerling, Barragán-Garza, and Chayet are consultants to Revision Optics, Inc. Drs. Lang and Holliday and Mr. Roy are employees of Revision Optics, Inc. Drs. Steinert, Schwiegerling, Barragán-Garza, and Chayet have no financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1568-1579
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Surgery

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