Rape tactics from the survivors' perspective: Contextual dependence and within-event independence

H. Harrington Cleveland, Mary P Koss, James Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study uses sexual assault data drawn from both standard questionnaires and unstructured narratives to examine the association between the victim/perpetrator relationship and the tactics used to commit sexual assault. Participants, who were raped by strangers, acquaintances, dates, steady boyfriends, husbands, ex-husbands, and other relatives, provided narrative accounts of their rape experiences and responses to standard questionnaire items. Narratives were coded for the occurrence of different perpetrator behaviors such as use of force, threats of negative consequences, and use of alcohol or drugs to commit the rape. Based on factor analysis, these narrative-derived items were combined with questionnaire items to form two tactic scales: Power Tactics and Drug Tactics. Analysis revealed that tactic use varied according to the relationship between perpetrators and victims, and the use of Power Tactics was uncorrelated with use of Drug Tactics across all relationship types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)532-547
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Volume14
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999

Fingerprint

Rape
rape
tactics
Survivors
Spouses
event
Pharmaceutical Preparations
narrative
Statistical Factor Analysis
assault
drug
husband
questionnaire
Alcohols
Surveys and Questionnaires
factor analysis
alcohol
threat
Power (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Rape tactics from the survivors' perspective : Contextual dependence and within-event independence. / Cleveland, H. Harrington; Koss, Mary P; Lyons, James.

In: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 14, No. 5, 05.1999, p. 532-547.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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