Rapid detection of human blood in triatomines (Kissing bugs) utilizing a lateral flow immunochromatographic assay - A pilot study

Norman L. Beatty, Nicole Behrens-Bradley, Maria Love, Finn McCants, Shannon Smith, Justin O. Schmidt, Sarah A. Hamer, Patricia L. Dorn, Nafees Ahmand, Stephen A. Klotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND DNA-and proteomics-based techniques are currently used to identify a triatomine human blood meal. These methods are time consuming, require access to laboratories with sophisticated equipment, and trained personnel. OBJECTIVES We tested a rapid and specific immunochromatographic assay (that detects human blood in forensic samples) to determine if human blood was present in triatomines and their fecal excreta. METHODS We fed Triatoma rubida human blood (positive control) or mouse blood (negative control) and performed the assay on the abdominal contents and fecal excreta. Triatomine field specimens collected in and around human habitations and excreta were also tested. FINDINGS The assay was positive in triatomines fed human blood (N=5/5) and fecal excreta from bugs known to have ingested human blood (N=5/5). Bugs feeding on mice (N=15/15) and their fecal excreta (N=8/8) were negative for human blood. Human blood was detected in 47% (N=23/49) triatomines, representing 6 different species, collected in the field. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The pilot study shows that this rapid and specific test may have applications in triatomine research. Further study is needed to determine the sensitivity of this assay compared to other well-established techniques, such as DNA-and proteomics-based methodologies and the assay’s application in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMemorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume114
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Blood sources
  • Chagas disease
  • Human blood detection
  • Kissing bug
  • Triatomine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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