Studies of outcomes among adults with congenital heart defects (CHDs) have focused on those receiving cardiac care, limiting generalizability. The Congenital Heart Survey To Recognize Outcomes, Needs, and well-beinG (CH STRONG) will assess comorbidities, health care utilization, quality of life, and social and educational outcomes from a US population-based sample of young adults living with CHD. Methods: Individuals with CHD born between 1980 and 1997 were identified using active, population-based birth defects surveillance systems from 3 US locations (Arkansas [AR]; Arizona [AZ]; and Atlanta, Georgia [GA]) linked to death records. Individuals with current contact information responded to mailed survey materials during 2016 to 2019. Respondents and nonrespondents were compared using χ2 tests. Results: Sites obtained contact information for 74.6% of the 9,312 eligible individuals alive at recruitment. Of those, 1,656 returned surveys, either online (18.1%) or via paper (81.9%), for a response rate of 23.9% (AR: 18.3%; AZ: 30.7%; Atlanta, GA: 28.0%; P value < .01). For 20.0% of respondents, a proxy completed the survey, with 63.9% reporting that the individual with CHD was mentally unable. Among respondents and nonrespondents, respectively, sex (female: 54.0% and 47.3%), maternal race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic white: 74.3% and 63.0%), CHD severity (severe: 33.8% and 27.9%), and noncardiac congenital anomalies (34.8% and 38.9%) differed significantly (P value < .01); birth year (1991-1997: 56.0% and 57.5%) and presence of Down syndrome (9.2% and 8.9%) did not differ. Conclusions: CH STRONG will provide the first multisite, population-based findings on long-term outcomes among the growing population of US adults with CHD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine