Real-time total integrated scattering measurements on the Mir spacecraft to evaluate sample degradation in space

James B. Hadaway, Anees Ahmad, J. Larry Pezzaniti, Russell A. Chipman, Donald R. Wilkes, Leigh L. Hummer, David G. Crandall, Jean M. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

An instrument to measure total integrated scattering (TIS) in space was built as part of the Optical Properties Monitor instrument package and flown on the Russian Mir Space Station in a low Earth orbit. TIS at two wavelengths was measured in space at approximately weekly intervals from 29 April to 26 December 1997 and telemetered to Earth during the mission. Of the 20 TIS samples, 13 are described here to illustrate the performance of the TIS instrument. These include ten optical samples and three thermal control samples. Two optical samples and one thermal control sample were severely degraded by atomic oxygen. All samples received a light dusting of particles during the mission and an additional heavier layer after the samples returned to Earth. The initial brassboard instrument and the validation tests of the flight instrument are also described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2755-2768
Number of pages14
JournalApplied optics
Volume40
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Hadaway, J. B., Ahmad, A., Pezzaniti, J. L., Chipman, R. A., Wilkes, D. R., Hummer, L. L., Crandall, D. G., & Bennett, J. M. (2001). Real-time total integrated scattering measurements on the Mir spacecraft to evaluate sample degradation in space. Applied optics, 40(16), 2755-2768. https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.40.002755