We have used specific antibody probes to conserved antigenic motifs to identify and characterize immunoglobulin-related molecules in tunicates and a C-type lectin found in lamprey that is related to molecules found in tunicates and mammals. The tunicate immunoglobulin cross-reactive molecule (μCRM) reacts with antibodies raised to shark IgM heavy chains. Intact tunicate μCRM is a monomer of Ig light-chain-sized subunits and is oligoclonal by IEF. That this molecule is related to Ig is indicated both by immunochemical data and by peptide sequence homologies. The lamprey lectin is a large polymer (> 500,000 kDa) of 35-kDa and 60-kDa subunits. It appears to be related to C-type lectins as shown by peptide sequence homology and the requirement of Ca2+ for activity. Related molecules appear to be present in tunicates and mammals as shown by cross-reactivity of antibodies in Western blots with single bands from hemolymph and T-cell extracts.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)