Reconstruction-Aware Imaging System Ranking by Use of a Sparsity-Driven Numerical Observer Enabled by Variational Bayesian Inference

Yujia Chen, Yang Lou, Kun Wang, Matthew A. Kupinski, Mark A. Anastasio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is widely accepted that optimization of imaging system performance should be guided by task-based measures of image quality. It has been advocated that imaging hardware or data-acquisition designs should be optimized by use of an ideal observer that exploits full statistical knowledge of the measurement noise and class of objects to be imaged, without consideration of the reconstruction method. In practice, accurate and tractable models of the complete object statistics are often difficult to determine. Moreover, in imaging systems that employ compressive sensing concepts, imaging hardware and sparse image reconstruction are innately coupled technologies. In this paper, a sparsity-driven observer (SDO) that can be employed to optimize hardware by use of a stochastic object model describing object sparsity is described and investigated. The SDO and sparse reconstruction method can, therefore, be "matched" in the sense that they both utilize the same statistical information regarding the class of objects to be imaged. To efficiently compute the SDO test statistic, computational tools developed recently for variational Bayesian inference with sparse linear models are adopted. The use of the SDO to rank data-acquisition designs in a stylized example as motivated by magnetic resonance imaging is demonstrated. This paper reveals that the SDO can produce rankings that are consistent with visual assessments of the reconstructed images but different from those produced by use of the traditionally employed Hotelling observer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8542729
Pages (from-to)1251-1262
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Task-based image quality assessment
  • ideal observer computation
  • imaging system optimization
  • sparse image reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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